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By Haddenham Webteam - 4th January 2014 8:00am
In the latest editorial in the British Medical Journal published today, Saturday 4th January, Fiona Godlee discusses the benefits and disadvantages of Electronic cigarettes. Her observations are especially timely, given the high proportion of smokers who are currently looking for ways to stop smoking as part of a New Year's resolution. Here's her commentary.
How should we view e-cigarettes? As a safe and effective way to quit tobacco? (There is some evidence in support of these claims for harm minimisation.) Or as a grave risk to public health because of their potential to renormalise and glamourise smoking, especially among young people? New York's mayor Michael Bloomberg has made his own view clear. In one of his final acts before leaving office, he has banned the smoking of e-cigarettes in indoor public places.
Bloomberg's track record on public health has been extraordinary. Although his critics charge him with failing to tackle New York's rampant social inequalities, there is no doubt he has provided global leadership in public health. His administration's moves against tobacco, trans fats, and sugary drinks, and for promoting physical activity and calorie counts on menus, are credited with improving life expectancy among New Yorkers--now two years higher than the US national average. But just as importantly, his clarity and courage has helped administrations around the world take a firmer line against industries and behaviours that harm the public's health.
Will others copy his decision on e-cigarettes? Scotland may be one place to watch and has good reason to claim public health leadership within the United Kingdom. As well as being the first place in Britain to ban smoking in public places, the Scottish government endorsed standardised cigarette packaging and held firm on a minimum price for alcohol, in stark contrast to the UK government's equivocations.
It aims to make Scotland "smoke free" by 2034. Success in this may depend on taking a firm stance on e-cigarettes. While e-cigarettes will help some smokers to quit, they also threaten to blur battle lines and reverse hard won gains in tobacco control. In an Analysis article published in the BMJ, Marisa de Andrade and colleagues warn that commercial exploitation of e-cigarettes is undermining any potential public health benefits. The industry claims that e-cigarettes are all about harm minimisation. But it is developing and promoting products for first time users and encouraging long term use among existing smokers. E-cigarettes also legitimise the industry, buying tobacco companies a seat as "partners" at the health policy table.
With figures from the World Health Organization showing an increase in the number of young smokers, now is the time to tighten tobacco controls. The authors conclude that e-cigarettes should be regulated not as medicines but as tobacco products, and that the tobacco industry should be excluded from the policy making arena. And, I would add, from the funding of medical research, since this is another way in which industry seeks to legitimise itself. The BMJ and its sister journals recently announced that we would no longer publish research funded by the tobacco industry. Unsurprisingly, tobacco company researchers are unhappy with this decision. In a letter in the BMJ this week, Christopher Procter calls the new policy "antiscience" and invites the BMJ to reconsider its decision. We have no such plans.